What Is Intrauterine Insemination?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure that promises to bring the sperm and the egg closer together than would typically be possible in natural circumstances. It is a process in which concentrated motile sperm collected from the male partner are injected directly into the female partner's uterus. By timing the procedure to coincide with ovulation, IUI attempts to bring the sperm and the egg near each other, resulting in a potential union. IUI is a favourable treatment, especially in cases where the male partner has been diagnosed with low sperm reserves, or the female partner suffers from endometriosis or ovulatory dysfunction.
Why Choose Intrauterine Insemination?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) presents a shorter journey between the sperm and the egg, automatically eliminating any obstructions on the way.
Suitability for Him
IUI is a fitting solution for men with low sperm reserves or low sperm motility. On Cloudnine, our fertility specialists handpick only the best sperm, carefully releasing them into the uterus during the fertile window. After arriving inside the uterus, the sperm wait by the fallopian tubes, in anticipation of the egg.
Suitability for Her
Women with hormonal conditions such as endometriosis or polycystic ovary syndrome often struggle with ovulation. For women whose ovulatory cycles tend to be irregular, IUI is a recommended treatment method. Through continual monitoring, IUI charts the journey of an egg, perfectly timing the insertion of the sperm with the readiness of the egg.
Is Intrauterine Insemination Right for Me?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is an effective treatment for many couples, provided certain prerequisites are fulfilled. For instance, the treatment is not normally advisable for women with blocked fallopian tubes, as the injected sperm may never reach the egg in such cases. Additionally, IUI may not prove fruitful for older women and women with poor egg reserves or severe endometriosis. In complex cases like these, in vitro fertilisation (IVF) may be favoured over IUI.
What Are the Steps of Intrauterine Insemination?
On Cloudnine, intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a simple, swift and painless procedure, experientially likened to a pap smear.
1 Ovulation Stimulation
Although IUI can be timed with a woman's natural ovulatory cycle, ovulation is usually induced through medication when the natural ovulatory pattern is askew.
On the run up to ovulation, a semen sample is procured from the male partner. To optimise the quality of the semen, sexual abstinence of about two to four days, preceding the sample collection, is recommended.
After we have collected the semen sample, our fertility crew expertly processes the semen in a laboratory. This routine involves separating the sperm from other components of the seminal fluid to augment its composition and density.
As an ovarian follicle nears maturity, the stage is almost set for the IUI procedure. IUI is usually performed on the day of ovulation after the vagina is lightly cleansed with the aid of a beak-shaped device known as a speculum.
The final step in the series of procedures leading up to IUI is the insemination itself. Here, a processed sample containing only superior quality, motile sperm is inserted into the uterine cavity, through a fine, lightweight tube, called a catheter.
What Are the Risks of Intrauterine Insemination?
The risks associated with intrauterine insemination (IUI) are minimal. The few risks that do exist stem from the ovulation-inducing medications prescribed before the routine, rather than the IUI process itself.
The fertility medications administered during an IUI cycle sometimes stimulate the ovaries to produce more than one egg. If both eggs are fertilised, it could be a case of multiple births.
IUI could also potentially lead to hot flashes, mood swings, headaches and nausea. However, these symptoms are almost always mild, receding soon after a course of medication is withdrawn. If performed inadequately, IUI could herald serious complications, such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and ovarian cysts. On Cloudnine, we personalise every IUI procedure in keeping with a guest's medical record. We assess every minute medical detail before prescribing even a simple treatment.